A rumour spread that the cartridges of the new Enfield rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. The Revolt began at Meerut, ... On 24 April 1857, ninety men of the 3rd Native Cavalry refused to accept the greased cartridges. This suppressed discontent bursted out with the use of greased cartridges in the Enfield Rifles. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. The Indians believed, quite reasonably, that their religions were under attack by the East India Company. In order to regain Delhi, Sir John Lawrence sent a strong British force commanded by John Nicholson. (a) They are not allowed to go out of their states. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. On 6th May, 1857 A.D. 85 out of 90 Indian soldiers at Meerut refused to bite the greased cartridges with their teeth. This gave a grounding for other causes to unravel which contributed to the revolt becoming a mass event. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. In addition, British officers and missionaries began to preach Christianity to the Hindu and Muslim sepoys. The Revolt of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India’s First War of Independence or India’s first struggle for independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. Question - Greased Cartridge Incident became a prime cause in the outbreak of the Revolt of 1857. I, on the other hand, have shown through several different sources that the greased cartridges were indeed the essential point in the Indian Mutiny of 1857, and therefore the main cause. This book is essentially about the heroes - Tatya Tope, Nana Saheb, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Kunwar Singh of Jagdishpur - and not to forget, a few villains. Indian Rebellion of 1857: Siege of Lucknow, Seven Years' War: Major General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, Biography of Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, India's secret history: 'A holocaust, one where millions disappeared, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. This fits appropriately with the definitions given for main cause, as well as shows the audience that even respectable sources such as the BBC and avid researchers are in agreement with my own position. On 9 May 1857, eighty five of them were dismissed, sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment, and put into fetters. Fat of the hen b. The leader of the revolutionaries in Central India was Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi. A fierce battle was fought between the British and the revolutionaries under Rani Laxmi Bai and Tantya Tope from June 11 to June 1 8, 1 858 A. D. But the personal velour of Rani and Tantya Tope could not match the resources at the command of the British. The Revolt: Mangal Pandey. The roots of the 1857 revolt lay in Blatantly discriminatory policies, exploitative land revenue policy and the policy of greased cartridges. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. General Survey. I, on the other hand, have shown through several different sources that the greased cartridges were indeed the essential point in the Indian Mutiny of 1857, and therefore the main cause. Late Jan 1857: rumors started to circulate among sepoys in Dum Dum near Calcutta that the cartridges of new Enfield Rifle introduced to replace old Brown Bess musket has been greased with cow & pig fat This confirmed the sepoys old suspicion about the conspiracy to destroy their religion & caste and convert them to Christianity. The Revolt of 1857 eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. Unfortunately, the Indian Revolt of 1857 did not result in freedom for India. He died on April 27, 1858, leaving behind a glorious record of valour and bravery. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. This rebellion was a major anti-colonial movement against the aggressive imperialist policies of the British. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. These 85 soldiers were court-martialled and imprisoned for 10 years. The grease was composed of fat taken from beef and pig. The grease used included tallow supplied by the Indian firm of Gangadarh Banerji & Co. By January, the rumours were abroad that the Enfield cartridges were greased with animal fat. Peasants were none too happy either, though—they joined the revolt to protest heavy land taxes imposed by the British. The British government exiled him to Rangoon, Burma. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. Bentinck and Dalhousie (b) exiled to Rangoon: 3. The revolt left an impression on the minds of the Indian people and thus paved the way for the rise of a strong national movement. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. The British government disbanded the British East India Company and took direct control of India, bringing an end to the Mughal Empire. They refused to touch the greased cartridges. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. Q.3- The greased cartridges given to the Indian soldiers was made of what? Q.3- The greased cartridges given to the Indian soldiers was made of what? The Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was proclaimed Emperor of India. General Sir Huge Rose attacked Jhansi in March 1858 but the brave Rani Laxmi Bai kept the British General unnerved for quite some time. a. This news spread as fast as jungle fire. On 10th May 1857, the Indian soldiers at Meerut broke into open revolt. The main causes of the War were political, social, economical, military and religious. The previous evening, the sepoys had taken an oath not to touch the cartridges. Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. On 6th May, 1857 A.D. 85 out of 90 Indian soldiers at Meerut refused to bite the greased cartridges with their teeth. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. 1D77H6RFKHX8 \ PDF ~ The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 Filesize: 6.05 MB Reviews It is great and fantastic. For more articles , you can click here. The revolt of 1857 started on 10 th May when the Company’s Indian soldiers at Meerut rebelled. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. 5) The Revolt ended the rule of … It was called the Sepoy Mutiny by the British. The revolt of 1857 was supposed to have started on May 31, 1857 as decided. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. Company officials who abused or even murdered Indians were seldom punished properly: Even if they were tried, they were rarely convicted, and those who were convicted could avoid punishment by filing endless appeals. The unrest soon spread to other army divisions and towns across north and central India. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. On the night of 10th May the mutineers marched to Delhi and reached there on 11th May. Major Events of the revolt of 1857 2nd February 1857 – Revolt of the 19th foot regiment at Behrampur. The Greased Cartridges supplied for new Enfield Rifels was the immediate cause for the Revolt of 1857. He ordered his fellow … Their Colonel confronted them supported by artillery and cavalry on the parade ground, but after some negotiation withdrew the artillery, and cancelled the next … This was an attempt by the British to control royal succession in the princely states that were nominally independent from the British. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the _____ _____. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. REVOLT OF 1857 The Indian ... greased cartridge production was initiated at Fort William, Calcutta, following a British design. The Beginning :-29th March 1857 : First spark of revolt at Barrackpore in Bengal where Mangal Pandey killed the British adjutant and was later hanged for firing on senior officers. Comment. At last, the Commander-in-Chief General Collin Campbell, marched towards Lucknow and captured it after a fierce battle in March 1858. a. Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi b. TantiyaTope c. Nana Saheb d. Bahadur Shah Zafar. Thus, by making one small change to its munitions, the British managed to greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. The Revolt of 1857 eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. It was too much of a disgrace and this incident sent a wave of indignation. Immediate causes for the Revolt of 1857 was the greased cartridges supplied for the new Enfield Rifles. This war was not spread throughout India but it was limited to few areas mainly Meerut, Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow etc. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. In fact, Britain reacted to the rebellion by taking even firmer control of the "crown jewel" of its empire. The Indians did not make any concession and killed most of the Englishmen, including Sir Henry Lawrence and the notorious English General O’Neil. This sparked off a general mutiny among the Indian soldiers stationed at Meerut. THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION THE REVOLT OF 1857 INTRODUCTION INDIA IN 1857 One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the smouldering embers of resentment and anger against the unjust, exploitative and oppressive British government exploded into flames and shook the very foundation of the British rule in India. (d) Greased Cartridges. It was an extreme effort made by Indians, but they failed due to certain reasons including mutual jealousies, disunity, and lack of central leadership etc. 7. Dry tinder-box was there and only Rejecting the issue of greased cartridges as the cause of the rebellion, he wondered whether it was not a national revolt, a ‘great and formidable rebellion.’ Official writings about 1857 revolt set the trend for imperialist historiography. Revolt of 1857. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. Though the revolt was unsuccessful, the spirit of the people remained unshaken. https://mocomi.com/ presents: The Sepoy MutinyThe Indian soldiers who fought for the British were among the first to revolt against them too. The Revolt ended the rule of the _____ _____ _____ _____. Though the revolt failed in its objective, even in failure it served a grand purpose. ADVERTISEMENTS: Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. Several months of increasing tensions coupled with various incidents preceded the actual rebellion. Princely families joined the uprising due to changes to the inheritance law which made adopted children ineligible to assume the throne. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. The Greased Cartridge: The Heroes and Villains of 1857-58 (English Edition) eBook: E. Jaiwant Paul: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop Nana Saheb (a) confiscation of Jagirs: 2. This gave a grounding for other causes to unravel which contributed to the revolt becoming a mass event. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. THE REVOLT OF 1857. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. I actually have read and so i am certain that i am going to going to go through once again yet again in the future. Later on Nana Sahib, with the help of Tantya Topi, recaptured Kanpur in November, 1857 but not for a long time and British defeated them once again in a fierce war from December 1 to 6, 1857. As the Indian revolt gained energy, people found additional reasons to protest British rule. In January 1857,British introduced a new cartridge of en-field rifle greased with pig and cow fats, soldiers had to chew it before use. The Indian soldiers were introduced to the new Enfield Rifle for the first time. Revolt of 1857 - Examine the reasons Question - Greased Cartridge Incident became a prime cause in the outbreak of the Revolt of 1857. 6. A general sense of racial superiority among the British fueled Indian anger across the country. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was blamed for the revolt (though he played little role in it). greased cartridge, and shot down his sergeant. Its cartridges consisted of a.577 inch ball projectile and a charge of gun powder propellant wrapped in waterproofed cartridge paper. 4.06.73 b. This seizure of power initiated a period of rule known as the British Raj. The revolt was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the Britishers that began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as sepoy mutiny which was was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. The grease was made of fat of cow and pig. The Revolt of 1857 was sparked because of the use of greased cartridges. 3) The Revolt of 1857 started as a mutiny of the sepoys. the problem of greased cartridges in India in the time of the revolt of 1857 was..... because the greased catridges were made up of beaf of cows and pork of pigs. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. This rebellion was a major anti-colonial movement against the aggressive imperialist policies of the British. a. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. After a long siege of four months, the British recovered Delhi in September 1857 A.D. 2. This sparked off a general mutiny among the Indian soldiers stationed at Meerut. (d) Greased Cartridges. 29 March 1857 – The sepoys at Barrackpore refused to use the fat greased cartridges. The revolt of 1857 started on 10 th May when the Company’s Indian soldiers at Meerut rebelled. https://mocomi.com/ presents: The Sepoy MutinyThe Indian soldiers who fought for the British were among the first to revolt against them too. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. The Chief Commissioner, Sir Henry Lawrence, sought refuge with 1000 English and 700 Indian soldiers inside the Residency. Meerut: April 24, 1857, was a Friday. The revolutionaries reached from Meerut to Delhi on 11th May, 1857 and the small British garrison at Delhi was not able to resist and consequently fell into their hands within 2 days. Match the following: A: B: 1. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. They were stripped off their uniforms in the presence of the entire Indian crowd. Finally, Indians—regardless of class, caste, or religion—felt oppressed and disrespected by the agents of the British East India Company. It was a glorious landmark in our history in as much as Hindus and Muslims fought shoulder to shoulder to win back their lost independence. … But when he heard about inhuman attitude of Gen. O’Neil towards Indians, he became very furious and killed all the British. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. The Indian army also saw huge changes after the revolt. The sepoy named Mangal Pandey attacked and killed his adjutant. Tantya Tope was betrayed by the Gwalior Chief Man Singh and fell into the hands of the British. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. When this news spread many sepoys started the revolt. Canning tried to make amends for the error and the offending cartridges were withdrawn, … She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. 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