Following this, Bahamian authorities seized the Bermuda sloops Friendship and Fanny in 1786. He was not seen again. Enlisted men married Bermudians, and many of those remained in Bermuda when they left the Army. The temperature rarely drops below 10 °C (50 °F). From 40-ton humpback whales to colourful lizards and rare birds, Bermuda is teeming with wildlife and natural wonders big and small. – Three Swim Away from Darrell's Island to the Mainland. It includes the Bermuda Maritime Museum. In popular culture. Bermuda became important for British Security Co-ordination operations with the ability to vet radio communication and search passengers and mail using flying boats to transit the Atlantic, with over 1,200 people working on opening packages secretly, finding coded messages, secret writing, micro dots and identifying spies working for Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Vichy France in the Americas, much of the information found being passed to the FBI. Many Bermudian women had traditionally wed naval or military officers. 15, No. Many also came hoping to find young aristocrats among the officers of the Garrison and Naval base to whom they might marry their daughters. Local Bermuda is about giving us more of the most valuable resource in our lives – our time. It was not until after the Second World War, when the first airport for landplanes was built and the advent of the Jet Age, that tourism fully realised its potential. With royal administration commencing under Charles II in 1683, and the end of company control in 1684, the island was able to change the basis of its economy from tobacco to maritime enterprises. Here's everything you need to plan your Bermuda getaway, all in one place. John Lennon: The Bermuda Tapes tells the story of John Lennon's life changing journey sailing through a mid-Atlantic storm to Bermuda in June 1980, the profound creative discovery during his time on the island and the artistic collaboration from abroad with wife Yoko Ono at home in New York as an interactive album app. Although Bermuda had no merchant or privateering fleet of its own, yet, many Bermudians left farming to work as privateers on English vessels operating from Bermuda, and in 1631 also to settle the short-lived Providence Island colony that was dedicated to privateering. An Act prohibiting Trade with Barbados, Virginia, Bermuda and Antego, specified that: due punishment [be] inflicted upon the said Delinquents, do Declare all and every the said persons in Barbada's, Antego, Bermuda's and Virginia, that have contrived, abetted, aided or assisted those horrid Rebellions, or have since willingly joyned with them, to be notorious Robbers and Traitors, and such as by the Law of Nations are not to be permitted any maner of Commerce or Traffique with any people whatsoever; and do forbid to all maner of persons, Foreiners, and others, all maner of Commerce, Traffique and Correspondency whatsoever, to be used or held with the said Rebels in the Barbada's, Bermuda's, Virginia and Antego, or either of them. Following the 1707 unification of the parliaments of Scotland and England, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain, the islands of Bermuda became a British Crown Colony. The Government said in 2006 that it will provide substantial financial support to Bermuda's cricket and football teams. The Newport–Bermuda Yacht Race is a more than 100-year-old tradition. International One Design racing also started in Bermuda.[9]. With the arrival of tourism, young local women had to compete with American girls. Natural ponds were augmented with sluices and causeways. In fact, when the Bermudian privateer Regulator was captured, virtually all of her crew were found to be Black slaves. Bermuda has had one Olympic medallist, Clarence Hill,. By the 1770s, Virginia was launching more vessels than Bermuda. Attacks from France and Spain commenced in 1709 and did not stop until 1764, when Great Britain's sovereignty was recognized. Though Bermuda has been classified as a self-governed colony since 1620, internal self-government was bolstered by the establishment of a formal constitution in 1968, and the introduction of universal adult suffrage; debate about independence has ensued, although a 1995 independence referendum was soundly defeated. Bermuda-Random Live Video Chat Social Networking More ways to shop: Find an Apple Store or other retailer near you. Representative government was introduced to Bermuda in 1620, when its House of Assembly held its first session, and it became a self-governing colony. Although tourism remains important to Bermuda's economy, it has for three decades been second to international business in terms of economic importance to the island. Planning Essentials. [17], In 1766, the Board of Trade granted Andrew Symmer, a Bermudian merchant, the Crown Agent for the Turks and Caicos Islands. Between 1679 and 1690, 2000 emigrated, while the population reached 6248 in 1691. The shipbuilding industry had caused the deforestation of Bermuda's cedar by the start of the 19th century. We created it because we needed a place to connect with others who could use their time and expertise to make our lives easier, better. Combined with the effects of the American lawsuits, this meant the activity died out in Bermuda until a brief resurgence during the American War of 1812. By 1815, the United States, the primary client for Turks salt, had been at war with Britain (and hence Bermuda) for three years, and had established other sources of salt. Other islands were allowed to be nearly self-governing: Morgan's Island held 884 men, including 27 officers; Tucker's Island held 809 Boer prisoners, Burt's Island had 607, and Port's Island held 35. Salt originating from this province was cherished for its "brilliant color, purity, and versatility," according to Jarvis. Download Wikipedia apk 2.7.50337-r-2020-12-04 for Android. These joined two other air stations already operating on Bermuda, the pre-war civil airport on Darrell's Island, which had been taken over by the RAF, and the Fleet Air Arm's Royal Naval Air Station, HMS Malabar, on Boaz Island. Hill won a bronze medal in boxing. Local hoteliers were quick to exploit this, and organised many dances and gatherings during the 'season', to which military and naval officers were given a blanket invitation. In 1616 and 1620, acts were passed banning the hunting of certain birds and young tortoises. With the destruction wrought by the storm, and the loss of market, many Bermudians abandoned the Turks, and those remaining were so distraught that they welcomed the visit of the Bahamian governor in 1819. A veto of the Bahamian Acts by the Board of Trade prevented escalating violence.[13]:199,208–210. Music and dance are important in Bermuda. He hoped to be allowed to stay in the US. The largest island is Main Island, sometimes itself called Bermuda. Download Wikipedia for Android or iOS Save your favorite articles to read offline, sync your reading lists across devices and customize your reading experience with the official Wikipedia app. Bermuda (/bɜrˈmjuːdə/ "Ber-myu-dah"; officially, the Bermudas or Somers Islands) is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. Below, you'll find Bermudian Dollar rates and a currency converter. Bermuda has produced, or been home to, actors such as Oona O'Neill, Earl Cameron, Diana Dill, Lena Headey, Will Kempe, and most famously, Michael Douglas and Catherine Zeta-Jones. The indentured system importance ceased by 1668. The Bahamian government re-introduced a tax on salt from the Turks, annexed them to the Bahamas, and created a seat in the Bahamian parliament to represent them. Description Bermuda is an application that connects you to random friends around the world with a single swipe. Hiring out of these skilled slaves became commonplace for their owners, with slaves retaining only a third of the wages they earned. The United States formally returned the base lands in 2002. The only source of fresh water in Bermuda is rainfall. [13]:389–415, In June 1776, HMS Nautilus secured the island, followed by HMS Galatea in September. The island's small size means that direct landfalls are rare. The terms of the base rights granted for Bermuda provided that the airfield constructed by the US would be used jointly with the Royal Air Force (RAF). A Frenchman called Russell was wrecked there in 1570, followed by the Englishman Henry May in 1593, but both managed to escape. Immerse Yourself in Adventure, Culture & Natural Beauty Bermuda’s beaches are legendary, but beyond the pink sand you’ll find a mid-Atlantic island packed with a rare mix of experiences. [4]:76–77,138–139,178–179, In 1615, the colony was passed to a new company, the Somers Isles Company, named after the admiral who saved his passengers from the Sea Venture. Crews were a mixture of free and enslaved labor. In 1936, Luft Hansa began to experiment with seaplane flights from Berlin via the Azores with continuation to New York City.[29]. During the War of 1812 between Britain and the United States, the British attacks on Washington, D.C. and the Chesapeake were planned and launched from Bermuda, where the headquarters of the Royal Navy's North American Station had recently been moved from Halifax, Nova Scotia. The Virginia Company administered the island as an extension of Virginia until 1614; its spin-off, the Somers Isles Company, took over in 1615 and managed the island until 1684, when the company's charter was revoked and Bermuda became an English Crown Colony. By the end of the 19th century, except for the presence of the naval and military facilities, Bermuda was thought of by non-Bermudians and Bermudians alike as a quiet, rustic backwater, completely at odds with the role it had played in the development of the English-speaking Atlantic world, a change that had begun with American independence. Outside Mainland China, it has also gained considerable popularity in other markets, topping the Google Play and Apple App Store's "Most Downloaded" lists in eight countries. Peace transformed the raking business from an almost all white enterprise, to mixed slave and free labor. [4]:43–56, Somers returned to Bermuda on Patience in June and found Carter and Waters alive. Consequently, most work permit categories require employers to conduct a genuine search includi… The military garrison, which included four local territorial units, maintained a guard against potential enemy attacks on the Island. The current government is promoting independence – by means of a general election (that is, the government of the day would have the power to decide whether to go independent or not) as opposed to a referendum (a direct vote by the people) – by establishing a committee to investigate (though the committee is notably staffed with party members, and without representation by the opposition party). The following deaths of notable individuals occurred in 2021. One Small Island, Many Paths to Paradise Atlantic Ocean waters, pink-sand beaches and rocky coves connect with bays, parks, preserves, marshes, forests, gardens, caves and grottos, providing homes for a huge variety of flora and fauna. 2. [13]:383–385, Bermuda's ambivalence changed in September 1774, when the Continental Congress resolved to ban trade with Great Britain, Ireland, and the West Indies after 10 September 1775. The Bermuda Weather Service (BWS) has advised that weather conditions are expected to deteriorate in the early hours of Tuesday morning. Independently, Tucker's sons St. George and Thomas Tudor confirmed this business arrangement with Peyton Randolph and the Charlestown Committee of Safety, while another Bermudian, Harris, did so with George Washington. Bermuda was a center of privateering for most of its early history, with Bermuda governors Nathaniel Butler and Benjamin Bennett actively encouraging the practice. During the course of American War of 1812, the Americans had developed other sources for salt, and Bermudians salt trade fell upon hard times. The American War of 1812 was to be the encore of Bermudian privateering, which had died out after the 1790s, due partly to the buildup of the naval base in Bermuda, which reduced the Admiralty's reliance on privateers in the western Atlantic, and partly to successful American legal suits, and claims for damages pressed against British privateers, a large portion of which were aimed squarely at the Bermudians (unfortunately for the privateers, the British government was trying to woo the United States away from its affiliation with France and so gave a favourable ear to American shipowners). The total area is 53.3 square kilometres (20.6 sq mi). Even after tourism began in the later 19th century, Bermuda remained, in the eyes of London, a base more than a colony, and this led to a change in the political dynamics within Bermuda as its political and economic ties to Britain were strengthened, and its independence on the world stage was diminished. In May 1940, Canada was asked to provide garrison support, with one company of The Winnipeg Grenadiers sailing from Halifax to relieve a company of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry. It is collected on roofs and catchments and stored in tanks. Some people think there is a pattern to the disappearances, while other people think it is only coincidence. In 1811, the Royal Navy started building the large dockyard on Ireland Island, in the west of the chain, to serve as its principal naval base guarding the western Atlantic Ocean shipping lanes. Vice admiralty courts reviewed the legality of any capture and subsequent distribution of cargo and prizes. [13]:239–247, Despite close links to the American colonies (and the material aid provided the to continental rebels in the form of a hundred barrels of stolen gunpowder and reportedly numerous Bermudian-built and other ships supplied by Bermudians), Bermudian privateers turned as aggressively on American shipping during the American War of Independence. It greatly surprised the Americans to discover that the crews of Bermudian privateers included Black slaves, as, with limited manpower, Bermuda had legislated that a part of all Bermudian crews must be made up of Blacks. Sailing, fishing, and equestrian sports are popular with both residents and visitors alike. This tenantry, indentured servitude of five years in return for passage, and family labor, reduced the need for slaves in growing tobacco and provisions. Bermuda was discovered in 1505 by Spanish navigator Juan de Bermúdez (who said it to be inhabited only with pigs), after whom the islands are named. [22] Several escapes happened soon after their arrival. [1], Bermuda struggled throughout the following seven decades to develop a viable economy. There are a number of items Made in Bermuda that are outstanding products. Bermuda's first capital, St. George's, was established in 1612.[1]. Get familiar with the island's three regions to choose your home base, browse places to stay, see maps and brochures, and access travel tips, tools and sample itineraries. Scuba divers can explore many wrecks and coral reefs in shallow water (typically 30–40 feet (9.1–12.2 m) in depth) with nearly unlimited visibility. In the 1860s, the major build-up of naval and military infrastructure brought vital money into Bermuda at a time when its traditional maritime industries were giving way under the assault of steel hulls and steam propulsion. The following year, 1615, King James I granted a charter to a new company, the Somers Isles Company, formed by the same shareholders, which ran the colony until it was dissolved in 1684. The Bahamian government ordered that all ships bound for the Turk Islands obtain a license at Nassau first. "Foreign Interlopers at Bermuda's Turks Islands", by Dr. Bill Cooke. A Stinson Detroiter seaplane flying from New York City, it had to land twice in the ocean: once because of darkness and again to refuel. [13]:197–210, When the Bermudian sloop Seaflower was seized by the Bahamians in 1701, the response of Bermuda Governor Bennett was to issue letters of marque to Bermudian Privateers. Henry Harrisse documents earlier voyages by Juan Bermúdez in 1498, 1502, and 1503, though John Henry Lefroy noted Bermúdez left no account of visiting the island. As a result, 91 French and American ships were captured in the winter of 1778–1779, bringing the population once again to the brink of starvation. The Bermuda government is unlikely to be able to provide naval protection to oil tankers plying the Persian Gulf, or other potentially dangerous waters. In 1944, the RCN established a training base at the former Royal Navy base at Convict's Bay, St. George's, using a shore facility named HMCS Somers Isles. 2002. Control of the Turks Islands ultimately passed into the hands of Bermuda's sworn enemy, the Bahamas, in 1819. In 1816, James Arnold, the son of Benedict Arnold, fortified Bermuda's Royal Naval Dockyard against possible US attacks. == Why you'll love the this app == 1. The country is in the Atlantic Ocean, near the western edge of the Sargasso Sea. [21], In June 1901, The New York Times reported an attempted mutiny by 900 Boer prisoners of war en route to Bermuda on Armenian, noting it was suppressed. A significant number of Korean users looking for international friends If you want to do cultural exchange with Korean friends If you want to make Korean friends during study and travel in Korea If you want to make international friends across the globe MEEFF is the place for you. "Bermuda's Tourism Industry", Tayfun King, Fast Track, UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office Profile of Bermuda, UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office Visiting Bermuda Page, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bermuda&oldid=7273089, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Bermuda also was in Men's Skeleton at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy. In 2018, Snapchat allowed users to enable the new alpha version of its Android app, Snapchat Alpha, by clicking on an easter egg in Alpha Island. Historic St George's is a World Heritage Site. [16], Slave revolts were a threat since 1623, while a revolt in 1656 resulted in executions and banishments. The clause was confirmed by Benjamin Franklin when Tucker met with the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety. App Annie tracks millions of keywords so you can get more downloads for your app, and understand what keywords your competitors are using. By 1619, Bermuda had between fifty and a hundred black enslaved persons. "Bermuda Climate and Weather". The few Scot exiles received after the Civil War were indentured for seven years, while the few Irish exiles from that same period caused the slave trouble of 1664, and were hence forbidden entry onwards. The official app for Wikipedia, the world’s largest source of information. With the American continental ports having become foreign territory, the Bermudian merchant shipping trade was seriously injured. Finally, the island had long been ambivalent to events in New England, whom the Bermudians considered their maritime rivals. Hand-made Bermuda cedar furniture and wood products go back hundreds of years, with artisans continuing the tradition. [23] Three prisoners of war escaped on 10 July from Darrell's Island to mainland Bermuda. When the two new vessels were complete, most of the survivors set sail on 10 May, completing their journey to Jamestown on 8 June 1610. One of the main reasons Bermuda gets mistaken for a Caribbean island is the quality of the beaches. Edit functionality . The Royal Gazette, 2008, webpage: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. He claimed to be responsible for the 1916 death of Lord Kitchener in the sinking of HMS Hampshire, the head of the British Army who had also commanded British forces in South Africa during the second Boer War, but this had resulted from a mine. Black indentures were for 99 years or life. In 2007 Bermuda hosted the 25th PGA Grand Slam of Golf. Bermuda (/bɜrˈmjuːdə/ "Ber-myu-dah"; officially, the Bermudas or Somers Islands) is a British overseas territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.The land has one main island and 180 smaller islands. Bermuda is a British territory in the western North Atlantic Ocean which is made up of seven distinctive islands and approximately 170 additional isles. William Shakespeare's play The Tempest, in which the character Ariel refers to the "still-vex'd Bermoothes" (I.ii.229), is thought to have been inspired by William Strachey's account of this shipwreck. When discovered, Bermuda had no people. The USAAF airfield, Fort Bell (later, US Air Force Base Kindley Field, and, later still, US Naval Air Station Bermuda) was on St. David's Island, while the Naval Operations Base, a Naval Air Station for maritime patrol flying boats, (which became the Naval Air Station Annex after US Naval air operations relocated to ) was at the western end of the island in the Great Sound. They were placed related to their views and authorities' assessment of risk. 6 November 2007, webpage: Forbes, Keith. Throughout the 17th century Black children sold for £8, women from £10 to £20, and able bodied Black and Indian men for around £26. With more than 40 million articles across nearly 300 languages, your favorite free online encyclopedia is at your fingertips. Erskine Burrows was found guilty of this assassination. After France's entry into the war in 1778, Sir Henry Clinton refortified and garrisoned the island under the command of Major William Sutherland. [2][3][4][5][6][7], In late August 1585, an English ship Tiger commanded by Richard Grenville on his return from the Roanoke Colony, fought and captured a larger Spanish ship Santa Maria de San Vicente off the shores of Bermuda. Yet, France and Spain disputed Britain's claims with many attacks, coupled with those by pirates. Salt Cay and Grand Turk Island became salt colonies in the 1680s. Tobacco exports peaked in 1684, the last year of company control. The fleet was caught in a storm on 24 July, and Sea Venture was separated and began to founder. With the buildup of the Royal Naval establishment in the first decades of the 19th century, a large number of military fortifications and batteries were constructed, and the numbers of regular infantry, artillery, and support units that composed the British Army garrison were steadily increased. Bermuda also competes in the biennial Island Games. The United States 1930 Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act enacted protective tariffs that cut off Bermuda's once-thriving export trade of fresh vegetables to the United States and encouraged its development of tourism as an alternative. Other musicians are jazz pianist Lance Hayward, singer-songwriter Heather Nova and her brother, Mishka, tenor Gary Burgess, classical musician and conductor Kenneth Amis, and more recently, dancehall artist Collie Buddz. Smithsonian.com. Designed as a useful, comprehensive guide to the island, the Bermuda.com App is visually attractive, easy to use and features a wealth of practical information and great ideas on what to see and do in Bermuda. It’s FREE to download and the top hit for Bermuda in the Google Play and Apple App Stores. Sent to New York on the sloop Duxbury, they seized the vessel and sailed it back to Bermuda.[18]. [25] On the night of 25 June 1902, Duquesne slipped out of his tent, worked his way over a barbed wire fence, swam 1.5 miles (2.4 km) past patrol boats and bright spot lights, through storm-wracked, using the distant Gibbs Hill Lighthouse for navigation until he arrived ashore on the main island. Bermuda was quickly producing more food than it could consume, and began to sell the excess to the newer colonies that were cultivating tobacco to the exclusion of food crops required for their own subsistence. The island is due east of Fripp Island, South Carolina. Between 1620 and 1640, 1200 emigrated, while the population reached 4000 in 1648. Bermuda was originally discovered in 1503 by Spanish explorer Juan de Bermúdez. Unresolved issues concerning the 1995 withdrawal of US forces—primarily related to environmental factors—delayed the formal return of the base lands to the Government of Bermuda. "A lovely well maintained cast-iron lighthouse sitting high on the hilltop affords fabulous panoramic views of the coastal area & Hamilton, 185 steps above the … Yet, Spanish Rock bears the date of 1543, but little further details. It did this in order to locate the deepwater channel by which shipping might reach the islands in, and at the West of, the Great Sound, which it had begun acquiring with a view to building a naval base. [4]:79[13], Bermuda was divided by Richard Norwood into eight equally sized administrative areas west of St. George's called "tribes" (today known as "parishes"). The price of a slave depended on demand. Many species of palm trees have been introduced to Bermuda. "Developing a Small Island GIS: the Bermuda Experience". The Royal Naval Dockyard, and the attendant military garrison, continued to be important to Bermuda's economy until the mid-20th century. By 1740, 200 vessels were loading salt annually from Grand Turk and Salt Cay, while a few dozen rakers stayed during the winter to repair pans. That same year, French privateers attacked the Turks, burning ships and absconding with a large sloop. Unoccupied, the island was settled by England in 1609, making it the oldest and most populous remaining British overseas territory. Bermuda is geographically positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Bermudian Quinn Talbot was once the World one-armed golf champion. Kuaishou (Chinese: 快手; lit. Bermuda's national cricket team was in the Cricket World Cup 2007 in the West Indies. Vol. Over 4 million users signed up across 190 countries. The remainder built two new ships: Deliverance at 40 feet (12 m) and 80 tons, and Patience at 29 feet (8.8 m) and 30 tons, mostly from Bermuda cedar. The post American independence buildup of Royal Navy facilities in Bermuda meant the Admiralty placed less reliance on Bermudian privateers in the area. An American naval captain, ordered to take his ship out of Boston Harbour to eliminate a pair of Bermudian privateering vessels, which had been picking off vessels missed by the Royal Navy, returned frustrated, saying the Bermudians sailed their ships two feet for every one of ours. These two-masted vessels, with the mast "raked" or inclined 15 degrees aft, carried fore-and-aft rigs of triangular Bermuda sails. Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory comprising of 181 islands, in the North Atlantic Ocean. Bermuda sent volunteer troops to fight in Europe with the British Army. Set sail on the Atlantic Ocean, paddle around coastal cliffs, ride to hidden coves on a jet ski or take a sunset cruise in the Great Sound. Local Bermuda is an app created by Locals for Locals. The master's mate was lost at sea when Sea Venture's longboat was rigged with a mast and sent in search of Jamestown. [13]:29,45–47,86,101,324,372, The archipelago's limited land area and resources led to the creation of what may be the earliest conservation laws of the New World. Despite their names, Jones Village (in Warwick), Cashew City (St. George's), Claytown (Hamilton), Middle Town (Pembroke) and Tucker's Town (St. George's) are merely neighborhoods. Large mainsails were fixed to elongated booms, giving the sloop a large sail area for maximum speed, averaging 3 knots, but known to exceed 5 knots. Still, the important strategic location of Bermuda meant that the withdrawal, which began, at least in intent, in the 1870s, was carried out very slowly over several decades, continuing until after World War I. During World War II, Bermuda's importance as a military base increased because of its location on the major trans-Atlantic shipping route. App Reviews and Ratings Find out what users think of Bermuda Video Chat - Meet New People by reading the reviews and checking the rating. This page was last changed on 16 January 2021, at 01:24. Winters are mild, with average daytime temperatures in January and February around 20 °C (68 °F). [8], On 2 June 1609, Sir George Somers had set sail aboard Sea Venture, the new flagship of the Virginia Company, leading a fleet of nine vessels, loaded with several hundred settlers, food and supplies for the new English colony of Jamestown, in Virginia. You can expect crystal clear water, beautiful sand, and plenty of sunbathers, similar to those you would find in Turks and Caicos or other Caribbean islands. During the latter war, Confederate blockade runners delivered European munitions into Southern harbours from Bermuda, smuggling cotton in the reverse direction. Beginning in World War II, US military installations also were located in Bermuda (see "Military" section below and Military of Bermuda). The fallout of the war was that Britain lost all of its continental naval bases between the Maritimes and Spanish Florida, ultimately the West Indies. Had one Olympic medallist, Clarence Hill, the salt industry increased because of the island matter... Wages they earned to access from shore by snorkellers, especially at Bay... And slavery in 17th century Bermuda, smuggling was stopped early, as digital. Florida and the Bahamas islands closed in 1945 and Canadian forces left Bermuda ( temporarily ) in.. 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App created by Locals for Locals January 2021, at 01:24 refused to help, and patriotic...