Some of these you've probably heard many times before, but many will likely be new. Informal fallacies. : Contagion Bias, WHY THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS AN AVERAGE WAR: The Problem with Averages, HOW BONUSES DESTROY MOTIVATION: Motivation Crowding, IF YOU HAVE NOTHING TO SAY, SAY NOTHING: Twaddle Tendency, HOW TO INCREASE THE AVERAGE IQ OF TWO STATES: Will Rogers Phenomenon, IF YOU HAVE AN ENEMY, GIVE HIM INFORMATION: Information Bias, WHY SMALL THINGS LOOM LARGE: The Law of Small Numbers, VOLUNTEER WORK IS FOR THE BIRDS: Volunteer’s Folly, WHY YOU ARE A SLAVE TO YOUR EMOTIONS: Affect Heuristic, BE YOUR OWN HERETIC: Introspection Illusion, WHY YOU SHOULD SET FIRE TO YOUR SHIPS: Inability to Close Doors, WHY IT’S NEVER JUST A TWO-HORSE RACE: Alternative Blindness, WHY WE TAKE AIM AT YOUNG GUNS: Social Comparison Bias, WHY FIRST IMPRESSIONS DECEIVE: Primacy and Recency Effects, WHY YOU CAN’T BEAT HOME-MADE: Not-Invented-Here Syndrome, HOW TO PROFIT FROM THE IMPLAUSIBLE: The Black Swan, KNOWLEDGE IS NON-TRANSFERABLE: Domain Dependence, THE MYTH OF LIKE-MINDEDNESS: False-Consensus Effect, YOU WERE RIGHT ALL ALONG: Falsification of History, WHY YOU IDENTIFY WITH YOUR FOOTBALL TEAM: In-Group Out-Group Bias, THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RISK AND UNCERTAINTY: Ambiguity Aversion, WHY YOU GO WITH THE STATUS QUO: Default Effect, WHY ‘LAST CHANCES’ MAKE US PANIC: Fear of Regret, HOW EYE-CATCHING DETAILS RENDER US BLIND: Salience Effect, WHY MONEY IS NOT NAKED: House-Money Effect, WHY NEW YEAR’S RESOLUTIONS DON’T WORK: Procrastination, WHY YOU PREFER NOVELS TO STATISTICS: Personification, YOU HAVE NO IDEA WHAT YOU ARE OVERLOOKING: Illusion of Attention, WHY YOU TAKE ON TOO MUCH: Planning Fallacy, THOSE WIELDING HAMMERS SEE ONLY NAILS: Deformation Professionnelle, THE BOAT MATTERS MORE THAN THE ROWING: Illusion of Skill, WHY CHECKLISTS DECEIVE YOU: Feature-Positive Effect, DRAWING THE BULL’S-EYE AROUND THE ARROW: Cherry-picking, THE STONE-AGE HUNT FOR SCAPEGOATS: Fallacy of the Single Cause, SPEED DEMONS MAKE SAFE DRIVERS: Intention-To-Treat Error, WHY YOU SHOULDN’T READ THE NEWS: News Illusion, An Essential Guide to Developing Emotional Strength, Chapter 1: Finding Inner Peace and Happiness, Chapter 2: Accepting Others and Your Circumstances, Chapter 3: Focusing on the Bigger Picture, Chapter 4: How to Avoid Absorbing Negative Energy. The errors we make follow the same pattern over and over again, piling up in one specific, predictable corner like dirty laundry while the other corner remains relatively clean (i.e. The Art of Thinking Clearly Reading Time: 4 minutes Rolf Dobelli’s book, The Art of Thinking Clearly, is a compendium of systematic errors in decision making. The Art of Thinking Clearly is compiled of 2-3 page stories and examples of biases and mistakes we make in our every day thinking. The failure to think clearly, or what experts call a ‘cognitive error’, is a systematic deviation from logic – from optimal, rational, reasonable thought and behaviour. Each chapter in the former case is like bullet points of latter’s approach. The Art of Being Right: 38 Ways to Win an Argument (also The Art of Controversy, or Eristic Dialectic: The Art of Winning an Argument; German: Eristische Dialektik: Die Kunst, Recht zu behalten; 1831) is an acidulous, sarcastic treatise written by the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. Anecdotes make us overlook the statistical distribution (base rate) behind it, not the other way round. For example, it is much more common that we overestimate our knowledge than that we underestimate it. I was familiar with many of these psychological biases before, but this book sheds new light on some I didn’t know about. STUDY. The contents of the book are without a doubt… Focusing on how human self-deception and manipulation lie behind fallacies, this guide builds reasoning skills and promotes fairminded, logical thought, discussions, and debate. Detailed notes and summary on The Art of Thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli. The End of You, a postcard series by Divya Mehra for the CCA Wattis Institute in San Francisco, is an artwork for our times. Already an international bestseller, The Art of Thinking Clearly distills cutting-edge research from behavioral economics, psychology, and neuroscience into a clever, practical guide for anyone who's ever wanted to be wiser and make better decisions. It is important to be able to recognise statements and questions which are internally fallacious. McInerny (4 times) Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman (3 times) Thinker's Guide to Fallacies: The Art of Mental Trickery by Richard Paul (3 times) A Rulebook for Arguments by Anthony Weston (3 times) The Art of Thinking Clearly is a very interesting read. Home Book Notes Articles Shorts. What it contains are 99 chapters about the fallacies, biases, effects, illusions, tendencies, and misconceptions of the modern day society. Similarly, the danger of losing something stimulates us much more than the prospect of making a similar gain. Futurists usually have an intuitive sense of some of these fallacies when discussing our individual and collective futures. This book is a database of human biases, fallacies and illusions. If we learn to recognise how people think, we can then engage with them more effectively. Rolf Dobelli’s book, The Art of Thinking Clearly briefly explains common human behaviors which can be interpreted as illogical behaviors. 2. Formal fallacies-problem in the course of an argument-person relies on some unproven/questionable premise. Removing this book will also remove your associated ratings, reviews, and reading sessions. More or less, The Art of Thinking Clearly harps on the same line of thoughts, as is the case with Black Swan. There are 49 more biases, fallacies, and pieces of irrationality in The Art of Thinking Clearly. In the presence of other people we tend to adjust our behaviour to theirs, not the opposite. Get book "The Art of Thinking Clearly" by Rolf Dobelli, only at fendibooks.com - books that change your life! If you love reading about psychology and human behavior, The Art of Thinking Clearly is the book you don’t want to miss. Published May 14th 2013 by Harper (first published January 1st 2011. Amazon.in - Buy The Art of Thinking Clearly book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. There is a paragraph in it that is best summing up the book: Related resources for Logic and Fallacies: thinking clearly on Bethinking.org. Rolf Dobelli’s book, The Art of Thinking Clearly briefly explains common human behaviors which can be interpreted as illogical behaviors. I bought this book just because I saw Taleb eulogizing the book right on the book cover and so I fell for it. In it, Schopenhauer examines a total of thirty-eight methods of defeating one's opponent in a debate. PLAY. WHY YOU SHOULD VISIT CEMETERIES: Survivorship Bias, DOES HARVARD MAKE YOU SMARTER? By ‘systematic’ it mean that these are not just occasional errors in judgement, but rather routine mistakes, barriers to logic we stumble over time and again, repeating patterns through generations and through the centuries. The Art of Thinking Clearly is a 2013 book by the Swiss writer Rolf Dobelli which describes in short chapters 99 of the most common thinking errors - ranging from cognitive biases to envy and social distortions.. As many would imagine, gamblers and investors often fall prey to cognitive fallacies. If you don’t realise this and so jump in with an answer, you can become confused and fall into traps which could easily be avoided. Not all are equally good and interesting, there are some redundancies, but none is just padding the page numbers. Fallacies by C. L. Hamblin (4 times) Thinking to Some Purpose by L. Susan Stebbing (4 times) Being Logical: A Guide to Good Thinking by D.Q. If we could learn to recognise and evade the biggest errors in thinking – in our private lives, at work or in government – we might experience a leap in prosperity. In this article 50 critical thinking tips, everything you need to know to improve your critical thinking skills: Learn logical fallacies until they’re second nature and you can recognise them anywhere Learn cognitive biases (same as above) Learn debiasing techniques Learn heuristics (same as above) Study psychological effects and their impact upon your perception Naive […] Fallacies of relevance. A best seller focusing on cognitive biases: Rolf Dobelli - The Art of Thinking Clearly: Better Thinking, Better Decisions; Nigel Warburton - Thinking from A to Z. The Art of Thinking Clearly presents a bunch of anecdotal evidence to support commonly known fallacies in logical thinking. This book is a database of human biases, fallacies and illusions. I found it a quick, fun, interesting read, but it has 3 major flaws: Rolf Dobelli is a Swiss author and businessman. Cognitive errors are far too ingrained for us to be able to rid ourselves of them completely. YOU’VE WON RUSSIAN ROULETTE: Alternative Paths, THE DECEPTION OF SPECIFIC CASES: Conjunction Fallacy, IT’S NOT WHAT YOU SAY, BUT HOW YOU SAY IT: Framing, WHY WATCHING AND WAITING IS TORTURE: Action Bias, WHY YOU ARE EITHER THE SOLUTION – OR THE PROBLEM: Omission Bias, BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU WISH FOR: Hedonic Treadmill, DO NOT MARVEL AT YOUR EXISTENCE: Self-Selection Bias, WHY EXPERIENCE CAN DAMAGE OUR JUDGEMENT: Association Bias, BE WARY WHEN THINGS GET OFF TO A GREAT START: Beginner’s Luck, LIVE EACH DAY AS IF IT WERE YOUR LAST – BUT ONLY ON SUNDAYS: Hyperbolic Discounting, DECIDE BETTER – DECIDE LESS: Decision Fatigue, WOULD YOU WEAR HITLER’S SWEATER? But since not everyone has the time and interest, instead read The Art of Thinking Clearly. Fallacious reasoning, once detected, can often be dealt with by asking the questioner a clarifying question in turn. The Art of Thinking Clearly offers 99 fallacies that stop people from leading successful lives. ... Nassim Nicholas Taleb, and Daniel Kahneman, “The Art of Thinking Clearly” capitalizes on the growing popularity of behavioral economics. The book is laid out in short chapters (99 chapters in total), each of 400-500 hundred words to illustrate an idea with relevant examples and evidence. If you have read The Black Swan, The Impact of the Highly Improbable by Nassim Nicholas Taleb then I would strongly re-commend do NOT go for the book but if you haven’t dipped into the ocean of Taleb’s thoughts then this book is for you. An extensive list of cognitive biases and how to make better decisions as a result. The title of the book is misleading since people may think that it … Its title could be “I Got 99 Cognitive Biases But a Psychology Degree Ain’t One.” Or maybe not. The Thinker’s Guide to Fallacies introduces the concept of mental trickery and shows readers how to discern and see through forty-four different types of fallacies. The author, who is not a psychologist, was inspired to collect… The book was written as weekly columns in leading newspapers in Germany, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, and later in two German books. Only bad thing about this book: he didn't need 99 biases/"syndromes." Rated: 9/10. They certainly worked; I skimmed a few pages of it and bought it, thinking I would learn important lessons that I wouldn't get from other books about critical thinking. This book is the dead tree equivalent of a BuzzFeed post. This book has 99 short chapters (all of them are almost exactly 2.5 pages) that cover the major hiccups in our thinking process. 1) fallacies of relevance 2) fallacies of unwarranted assumption. the art of thinking clearly rolf dobelli. Read The Art of Thinking Clearly book reviews & author details and more at … please sign up To see what your friends thought of this book, These include the swimmer’s body illusion, the self-serving bias, the tragedy of the commons, and the base-rate neglect. It explores the negative influence of 99 decision-making shortcuts. Nice packaging and design may give this book an aura of credibility. First of all, contrary to what the title suggests, it is not a methodical book which describes to its readers the actual art of thinking clearly. If you had lots of time (and interest in becoming aware of your cognitive biases), you should read Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely, everything by Steven Pinker, Fooled by Randomness and The Black Swan by Nassim Taleb, and other. I liked that it gave some specific ways to avoid succumbing to these false ways of thinking, but also wanted to hear more of that. Alas, that won't be the case since th. Author: Rolf Dobelli. The Art Of Thinking Clearly aims to illuminate our day-to-day thinking “hiccups” so that we can better avoid them and start making improved choices. The Art of Thinking Clearly Review. Both talks about reverse engineering of thought process, counter-intuitiveness and randomness. But then will it sell? This book is a list of 99 common thinking errors and cognitive biases. Futures fallacies are an example of our delusional thinking and behaviours that are not thought through, but that we nonetheless continue to repeat. A more apt title would be “Human cognitive biases, fallacies and illusions”. The result, explains the author of this book, Rolf Dobelli, was a “theory of irrationality that states: thinking is in itself not pure, but prone to error.” This, they found, was true of all people, including the highly intelligent, resulting in everyone falling into the same cognitive errors. Although this blog may not hold the key to happiness, at the very least it acts as insurance against too much self-induced unhappiness. Alas, that won't be the case since the book reads like bull in a china shop; Dobelli massacres the art of critical thinking and puts in its place a Frankenstein doppelganger called cynicism and uncritical use of anecdotes. FYI: I won this book from goodreads Giveaways, but that in no way influenced my review. they pile up in the ‘overconfidence corner’, not the ‘underconfidence corner’). Fallacy files - A comprehensive online directory of fallacies. The Art of Thinking Clearly Author: Rolf Dobelli BOOK CONTENTS The Art of Thinking Clearly is a journey through the multitude of cognitive biases and fallacies that blur our thinking and cloud our judgement. Using both psychological studies and everyday examples, the author provides us with an entertaining collection of all of our most common fallacies. If you had lots of time (and interest in becoming aware of your cognitive biases), you should read Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, Predictably Irrational by Dan Ariely, everything by Steven Pinker, Fooled by Randomness and The Black Swan by Nassim Taleb, and others. : Swimmer’s Body Illusion, WHY YOU SEE SHAPES IN THE CLOUDS: Clustering Illusion, IF 50 MILLION PEOPLE SAY SOMETHING FOOLISH, IT IS STILL FOOLISH: Social Proof, WHY YOU SHOULD FORGET THE PAST: Sunk Cost Fallacy, BEWARE THE ‘SPECIAL CASE’: Confirmation Bias (Part 1), MURDER YOUR DARLINGS: Confirmation Bias (Part 2), LEAVE YOUR SUPERMODEL FRIENDS AT HOME: Contrast Effect, WHY WE PREFER A WRONG MAP TO NO MAP AT ALL: Availability Bias, WHY ‘NO PAIN, NO GAIN’ SHOULD SET ALARM BELLS RINGING: The It’llGet-Worse-Before-It-Gets-Better Fallacy, EVEN TRUE STORIES ARE FAIRYTALES: Story Bias, WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP A DIARY: Hindsight Bias, WHY YOU SYSTEMATICALLY OVERESTIMATE YOUR KNOWLEDGE AND ABILITIES: Overconfidence Effect, DON’T TAKE NEWS ANCHORS SERIOUSLY: Chauffeur Knowledge, YOU CONTROL LESS THAN YOU THINK: Illusion of Control, NEVER PAY YOUR LAWYER BY THE HOUR: Incentive Super-Response Tendency, THE DUBIOUS EFFICACY OF DOCTORS, CONSULTANTS AND PSYCHOTHERAPISTS: Regression to Mean, NEVER JUDGE A DECISION BY ITS OUTCOME: Outcome Bias, YOU LIKE ME, YOU REALLY REALLY LIKE ME: Liking Bias, THE INEVITABILITY OF UNLIKELY Events: Coincidence, WHY YOU’LL SOON BE PLAYING MEGA-TRILLIONS: Neglect of Probability, WHY THE LAST COOKIE IN THE JAR MAKES YOUR MOUTH WATER: Scarcity Error, WHEN YOU HEAR HOOFBEATS, DON’T EXPECT A ZEBRA: Base-Rate Neglect, WHY THE ‘BALANCING FORCE OF THE UNIVERSE’ IS BALONEY: Gambler’s Fallacy, WHY THE WHEEL OF FORTUNE MAKES OUR HEADS SPIN: The Anchor, HOW TO RELIEVE PEOPLE OF THEIR MILLIONS: Induction, WHY EVIL STRIKES HARDER THAN GOOD: Loss Aversion, STUMPED BY A SHEET OF PAPER: Exponential Growth, NEVER ASK A WRITER IF THE NOVEL IS AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL: Fundamental Attribution Error, WHY YOU SHOULDN’T BELIEVE IN THE STORK: False Causality, EVERYONE IS BEAUTIFUL AT THE TOP: Halo Effect, CONGRATULATIONS! By ‘systematic’ it mean that these are not just occasional errors in judgement, but rather routine mistakes, barriers to logic we stumble over time and again, repeating patterns through generations and through the centuries. Metacognition - thinking about how we think - is underrated. ART OF THINKING Fallacies. Silencing them would require superhuman willpower, but that isn’t even a worthy goal. The Thinker’s Guide to Fallacies: The Art of Mental Trickery and Manipulation 5 members of a mass audience if they appear to … Learning more about biases and heuristics is so important that I am going to push this on my kids when they are a little older. The title of the book is misleading since people may think that it is a self-help book containing advice on “clear thinking”. . While the list of fallacies is not complete, it’s a great launching pad into the best of what others have already figured out. The failure to think clearly, or what experts call a ‘cognitive error’, is a systematic deviation from logic – from optimal, rational, reasonable thought and behaviour. He explains how not every swimmer can have a perfect swimmer's body … I bought this book just because I saw Taleb eulogizing the book right on the book cover and so I fell for it. The purpose of the book is to illustrate various different fallacies in human thinking in the hope that it can help us avoid these mind traps. A short handbook on critical thinking, with many entries on typical fallacies. 1. The failure to think clearly, or what experts call a ‘cognitive error’, is a systematic deviation from logic – from optimal, rational, reasonable thought and behaviour. Drawing from the collective wisdom of ancient philosophers like Aristotle as well as contemporary savants like Barry Schwartz, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, and Daniel Kahneman, The Art of Thinking Clearly capitalises on the growing popularity of behavioural economics. 1 The Art of Argument: An Introduction to the Informal Fallacies Writing Intensive Course Yearlong 2020-2021 ELIGIBLE STUDENTS: Rising 7th–12th graders who are able to type and have had some experience writing academic papers, including the following skills: compare/contrast essays, thesis statement and evidence, and MLA formatting. … Some were similar enough they could have been combined. By including so many, some of the important ones got lost in the lesser known and lesser experienced ones. The series is based on … It is NOT. Not all cognitive errors are toxic, and some are even necessary for leading a good life. The Art of Thinking Clearly by world-class thinker and entrepreneur Rolf Dobelli is an eye-opening look at human psychology and reasoning — essential reading for anyone who wants to avoid “cognitive errors” and make better choices in all aspects of their lives. We need no extra cunning, no new ideas, no unnecessary gadgets, no frantic hyperactivity – all we need is less irrationality. By ‘systematic’ I mean that these are not just occasional errors in judgement, but rather routine mistakes, barriers to logic we stumble over time and The Foundation for Critical Thinking . Nice packaging and design may give this book an aura of credibility. They certainly worked; I skimmed a few pages of it and bought it, thinking I would learn important lessons that I wouldn't get from other books about critical thinking. The Art of Thinking Clearly. The Art of Thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli: Summary & Notes. If you have read The Black Swan, The Impact of the Highly Improbable by Nassim Nicholas Taleb then I would strongly re-commend do NOT go for the book but if you have. He began his writing career as a novelist in 2002, but he is best known internationally for his bestselling non-fiction The Art of Thinking Clearly (2011, English 2013), for which The Times has called him "the self-help guru the Germans love". Amazon links: Print | Kindle | Audiobook. You know that hindsight is 20/20, we cling to our narratives, and think we'll be like the models in makeup ads if only we buy their product, plus a bunch of other semi-obvious ways in which we end up making bad decisions (or poorly rationalized flukes that still turn out okay). If people just learned the top 20, they would be in better shape. In engaging prose and with practical examples and anecdotes, an eye-opening look at human reasoning and essential reading for anyone with important decisions to make. 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