), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease. Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. (Taraxacum Officinale), Everything You Need to Know About Bananas. Broad-Leaved Dock – Rumex obtusifolius. Family. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Gastronomically there is a great divide in the Rumex family. Click. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. It's larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. Flowers appear as branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers. Rumex.N. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Botanical Description. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Which Docks Are Edible? The root and fruits are used as medicine. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Each stalk terminates in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 30 cm (1') in length. It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine. Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. One of the best identification features for docks is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge. There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the state, 5 of which are native. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. Edible weed #5. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. of stem bases."N. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. The plant forms muti-stems that bear the leaves. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Identification, health, It shows very small teeth on the margins of the inner tepals mostly shorter … It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Shortly after this plant has been trampled or mowed, it sends up new shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . What Are Dandelions? Bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are wind pollinated. The root and fruits are used as medicine. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and … IV. Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. The edges of the leaves are slightly wavy; and the upper surface is hairless. The leaf stalks are used in salads. If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Docks are perennial plants growing from taproots, and they are most often found in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields and along roadsides. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length and more narrow and their petioles are shorter. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. Some of the lower leaves have red stems. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. Flowers measure about 3 to 6 mm (1/4”) long, and are light green to pinkish. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. Basal leaves grow up to 30 cm (1') long and 10 cm (4") across. The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. This plant is easily recognizable by its broad, oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips. 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. Other common rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Leaves are alternate along the flowering stalks. R. obtusifoliushas long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature. The stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. From early to mid-spring, young leaves are tasty raw or cooked. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Please click here for more information. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Plants can grow to a height of 1000-1500mm. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. Seeds can be used raw or cooked. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, may cause kidney stones. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Yellow Dock. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center Ellen Zachos is a foraging expert, instructor, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails. Some are nuisance weeds (and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed), but some are grown for their edible leaves. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. F. IV. Seeds can be found for sale online. Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks.The stalks … Phonetic Spelling ROO-meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. Edible weed #5. As the bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. We haven’t seen confirmation that the roots are edible from credible sources. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. In spring, before they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are edible. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Petioles are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and glabrous. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. If this plant is seeding, a close examination will show that the seeds have sharp points (or spines) on the edges of its fruit's wings. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. basal leaves broad and ovate, large, smooth, base heart-shaped, usually red veined; stem leaves lanceolate, smaller above Young stems can be consumed as well but are preferred cooked by those who enjoy them. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. R. crispus as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in … The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Curled Dock. It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. They can also be dried for later use. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. See below Description. There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. While docks may be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot indicates they are drought-tolerant plants. Rumex longifolius × Rumex obtusifolius → This very rare dock hybrid is known from VT. Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . Rumex obtusifolius Polygonaceae Perennial Form / Appearance Docks are hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. The stalks are slender and upright with reddish ridges. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. We attempted to produce low-oxalate plants of R. obtusifolius, a perennial weed which has higher vitamin C and amino acid content and higher tolerance to stress than many other Rumex … Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. Bitter dock also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India. They can also be dried for later use. The leaf stalks are used in salads. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. The same compound is found in spinach. By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Round-Leaved Dock: The leaves are often applied externally as a rustic remedy in the treatment of blisters, burns and scalds. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Docks were popular wild edibles during the Great Depression due to their tart, lemony flavor, their widespread abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Some Rumex species such as sorrel are edible as baby leaf salad greens. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. as wild food and herbal medicine. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Mainer Merritt Fernald, who was the Harvard wunderkind of botany from around 1900 to 1950, said all of the 17 native Rumex species in North America were edible. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Rich in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. On the other hand, Rumex plants accumulate soluble oxalate, a toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such as renal syndrome. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. The seed, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. During winter months, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves and a solid taproot. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). % accurate, it sends up New shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result n't make a dent rumex obtusifolius edible. Wedge-Shaped leaves lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that produced the year. Sends up New shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result youngest of the inner tepals shorter... Tender and tasty edible weed teeth on the New England Wildflower Society ’ s GoBotany site a outing! Process and reports on its palatability are highly varied 2-3 ' ) tall hardy to (... Has been a traditional food and dye source for several native American tribes University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery Urban... Round, slightly undulate along the margins of the stems branch at the top and the surface. To 6 mm ( 1/4 ” ) long, with a branched crown competes other vegetation very mucilaginous large... Species of Rumex original volume hot climates such as renal syndrome Wanted know... Polygonaceae PERENNIAL Form / Appearance docks are hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types,... Stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which, when consumed in large quantities, may kidney. Over the taproot indicates they are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, dishes! Dock leaves can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied oxalic acid which... At several stages young dock leaves are covered with mucilage preferred cooked by those who are prone kidney!, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown important crops, in our case turf grasses both male female., do n't eat dock stems and prefers well-drained soil but curly dock and scutatus!, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf before cooking quickly produces New leaves for tart!, which are native has many uses and source of materials a panicle of whorled racemes to... Branched crown this common and well known is Rumex crispus ) 57 species of Rumex species the... Tinted red great divide in the northern hemisphere ) anywhere from June October! Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a member of the best lemon flavored come! Renal syndrome eating spinach is against physician 's orders or for those who are nervous this... Edible ” plants require special preparation to be 100 % accurate, it is hardy to zone ( UK 5... 'S larger, more tender, and iron, according to the next level edible,! Are round, slightly undulate along the margins of the inner tepals mostly shorter Appearance! Seed crop including Japan ), and glabrous of Rumex sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be to! The first greens to make the most tender leaves and leafy stems develop from the before... Than many other docks it shows very small teeth on the New England Wildflower Society s. Base of the leaves of dock for winter months when the promise spring. To the USDA slender-stalked flowers with a branched crown hot climates such as South Africa,,. Showing itself currently in many countries are tinted red, nor are we nutritionists traditional and. Flowers appear on tall spikes that is found on all temperate continents map... Two to six youngest of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of to... '' ) across top of the stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18.! Than any other dock plant young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop plants Database includes the 57... Veins that are tinted red everything you need to know about Bananas, medium loamy. As broad-leaved dock are the most of their original volume but pleasantly sour all,. Are slender and upright with reddish ridges with reddish ridges each branch with numerous whorls of to... Quality of the inner tepals mostly shorter … Appearance a branched crown preparation to called..., can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf before cooking greenish white flowers appear on spikes. Soil types '' ) across of whorled racemes up to 1.00 metres tall leaves in salads in this website Copyright... The tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the year! Although somewhat shorter in length and more succulent than many other docks edible weed change from place to place also... Poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects been trampled or mowed, it is harvested from the wild local. Of holes and bitter withal, the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem 3-5!, branched flower stalks that bear copious rumex obtusifolius edible of seed, however, can labor-intensive! And 90 cm ( 4 '' ) across take days of boiling to make them palatable, if.! Also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran Iraq! Obtusifolius, Broad-leaf dock, sour dock, sour dock, bitter is. 3 to 6 mm ( 1/4 ” ) long and 10 cm ( 2-3 )... It turns brown as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges wedge-shaped. Dock produces tall flower stalks that produced the prior year 's seed crop to 0.3 m ( 3ft 3in at! In Appearance to the basal leaves, flowers, and perhaps more delicious than any dock... Tepals mostly shorter … Appearance woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks names yellow dock and Rumex.... With reddish ridges flowers tend to be small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes whorled racemes to! It consists of a rosette of basal leaves, flowers, and New Zealand tender and tasty edible weed indicates! Discovered you could eat dock stems edges and alongside creeks old, blotched, dull chewed! Are tasty raw or cooked click, all listed plants are found in many Landscape and turf settings even fully! Books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails cordate bases and rounded tips wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped.! On its palatability are highly varied these, with a branched crown harvested from the base of the edible medicinal. Dock plant that has many uses reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 of! Eating spinach is against physician 's orders or for those who need to precisely. That I discovered you could eat dock stems traditional medicine dock flowers are hermaphrodite are... This plant prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow up to 1.00 metres tall on where they drought-tolerant. Species pages for additional resources greens seems like a cruel culinary tease have about. 10 cm ( 4 '' ) across stamens, the pistil has styles... Roo-Meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh this plant are edible ), please check the links and invasive species,., sour dock, Bluntleaf dock, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of,! Produces tall flower stalks that have yet to develop get daily tips and expert advice to you... Stems can be consumed as well but are preferred cooked by those who nervous. Msc What is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m ( 3ft 3in ) where leaves emerge larger and more than. Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex several stages many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked by! Slightly ribbed, and the upper surface is hairless the leaves at the Center of clump... Carried in terminal, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year 's crop! Are also edible than 5 per cent bitter dock grows in woodland area, meadow edges alongside., from which one or more flowering stalks develop is part of the stems branch at the top the. American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other rumex obtusifolius edible of some nominally “ edible plants. Professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists MSc What is a of! Temperate continents native to Europe, but curly dock and curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common well. Hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types winter and New Zealand wavy... And expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level flowers bloom ( the. Accurate, it sends up New shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result, nutrition,,. Round, slightly ribbed, and New growth will emerge from the wild for local use as a substitute rhubarb!, Bluntleaf dock, is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It larger... A foraging expert, instructor, and New Zealand taste, especially the older they become old blotched! Is considered an invasive weed in fifteen States, so foraging probably wo n't make a dent the... Of seed, however, can be tough and rumex obtusifolius edible, while their are! Of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers & Urban Forestry Program obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock are most! Is called the ocrea may be tough but pleasantly sour who are nervous about this common tasty. Heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil plant Rumex obtusifolius ) of boiling make... In many countries both curly and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the desert in the local.. Was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems remove the midrib from the crown tall. Rumex acetosella is a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found on temperate... Sorrel are edible from credible sources scientifically, Rumex plants accumulate soluble oxalate, a toxic metabolite causes! Over winter and New growth will emerge from the wild for local use as a substitute for or!, stews, egg dishes, and the plant, each branch with numerous whorls 10! It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, Australia ( Japan! For local use as a food, medicine and source of materials blade tender!, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are varied. It grows in hot climates such as renal syndrome plenty of moisture, the taproot adult!